Tiling a Floor

Easy to Maintain,impervious to moisture,mar-resistant,fireproof,ceramic tile is made from hard fire clay,the substance of the earth itself.Replacing a tile floor is a good deal of work especialy if the old tile has to be removed.Tile floors are usually found in baths and kitchens,the two most used rooms in a home.Planning and schedueling your work is most important to expedite the project and get the room back in service quickly.

Choosing among the amazingly wide variety of tile available is mind boggling in itself.Many factors are to be considered,finish,color,texture,shape,and type.The choices can be determined somewhat by the surroundings and location of the floor,but there is a lot of research to be done,before you start the work.

Glazed tiles are colored on the surface and baked at high heat to bake the color on.Types of surfaces that are available are,satin,high gloss,matte,and dull.Unglazed tiles have pigments or natural colors mixed with the clay,so colors run throughout the thickness of the tiles.

Floor tiles are thicker than wall tiles,for durability and increased weight.Floor tiles come in many shapes and sizes,there are sguare,octagons,hexagons,rectangular,and sizes today can be as big as 24″ or as small as 1″.

If the floor is solid and has the proper underlayment thickness ar least 1″,you can get by with laying luana board screwed down every 8″,over the existing flooring. Screwing the luana board over the existing surface  will give the flat smoth even surface you will need for tile.

This method will usually create a surface that is an uneven with the existing rooms.If you don’t mind this,and the floors abute in a doorway into a hardwood floor,use an oak thresh hold moulding.

If the floor needs to be torn out,it’s a lot of work.Cut the old flooring in strips and use a pry bar to get it up.Once the old floor is out screw down the underlayment,which is usually plywood or wonder board in a way to best strengthen the floor ,which is usually the opposite of the floor joice.Leave a 1/8′ gap between sheets and 1/2″ along walls.

After you have your surface ready to go,take a straight edge which is at least 4′ to 6′ in lenght and check for uneven areas,any uneven surfaces will have to fixed by floating mortor into low areas with a straight edge.Tile floors can only tolerate a very slight unevenness,so try your best to make the underlayment a perfectly flat surface.

Lay tiles out or measure to try and get the cut boarder tiles as even as possible around the perimeter.and snap a chalk line down center of room.If you are doing more than one room continue line into other room,that way you’ll have tiles running exact in both rooms.After everything is measured and lines snapped,make a dry run and lay some tiles out,just to make sure your calculations are exact.

You can tack batten boards along the lines to act as a guide for the first rows of tile.Work from the center out to the perimeter cut tiles,in a pyramid pattern,doing areas farthest from the door first.

When mixing mortor,mix a small amount at first,until you get used to the dry time,usually an hour.Use a notched trowel and spread mortor according to manufacturers recommendations.Use plastic spacers to get a grout line of consistent width and keep tiles aligned.Push tiles down with a little hand preasure to embed in the mortor.Remove spacers once they are in place,and keep joints clear of mortor,so you have a clean grout joint.

Once the mortor is dry (setting times are on the bag of mortor),grout can be applied using a rubber-bottom float.Pick a color that will not show dirt.Grout and unglazed tiles can be given added protection with a sealer,again follow the manufactures instructions.


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Bathroom Floor Tiling

In order to get a professional looking job with bathroom floor tiling, it is best to remove the toilet instead of tiling around it. Tiling around the toilet is perfectly acceptable if all the cuts are done correctly and you do not end up with too many small pieces. It is best to just remove the toilet with a few hand tools. First shut off the water supply and flush the toilet a few times to drain as much water as possible. When the water is drained, put a towel into the tank to absorb the remaining water and disconnect the hose going into the bottom of the tank. Then using a flat head screwdriver, pry up the caps at the base covering the mounting bolts. With a wrench or pair of pliers, undo the bolts, one on each side, and carefully remove the toilet and place in a different room.

Floor preparation is next. In order to get a lasting floor, the base needs to be stable and if possible adding a layer of concrete board will ensure tiles do not flex and possibly crack. If this is not possible the existing floor needs to be removed and the sub-floor should be screwed off every 6 to 8 inches. When the floor is solid, then next step would be to pre-layout the tile by finding the center of the room and laying tile to all four walls. By doing this ahead of time, it may be necessary to adjust the tile to end up with the smallest pieces at the wall or doorway.

When laying out the tile after a dry fit, there should be no surprises with a hand tile cutter for straight cuts, and tile nippers for around any pipes from baseboard heat or other plumbing. Following the tile manufacturing specifications for mortar mix and tile notch, follow the dry fit placement starting in one quarter and working your way out the door. Remember to work so you end up out the doorway. After the mortar set, the tile needs to be grouted. (Hint: Darker grout for a bathroom floor will look newer for a long period of time as to a white/lighter color.) When grouting the floor, hold the rubber float at a 45 degree angle and force the grout deep in between the tiles going diagonal to the tile as well, back and forth to make sure the entire gap is full. With most of the grout scrapped off, use a damp sponge and wipe off the extra going slowly and carefully as to not pull the grout back out of the gaps. After an hour or so, a haze will form and need to be buffed off with a soft cloth before it dries too much.

After the grout has fully dried, it would be best to now seal the grout with a sealer found at any hardware store. It is best to do it while the room is still new and clear of debris. Also, if the toilet was removed, an adapter maybe needed to remount the toilet as the flooring now is higher then the flange mounted on the floor. With a new wax mounting ring and a small bead of caulking around the base of the toilet, reinstall the toilet and tighten the two flange mounting bolts and cover the bolts with the decorative caps. Re-attach the water supply being careful not to crack the plastic nut and turn water on looking for leaks. Then, stand back and enjoy your new bathroom floor.

The author is the owner of an established plumbing business. He writes articles on consumer information / protection , business in general and home improvement.
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Floor Tiling London

Floor tiling London

There has been an ongoing debate as to what looks the nicest in your front and back garden; the main debate circles around these tree options;

Grass or lawn


Paving stones

I’m sure the debate will never die and it also ties in with the saying that beauty is in the eye of the beholder, this means that what one person loves, the next man may not. Some prefer being able to play and relax on their grass or lawn, others prefer to put patio chairs out and sit and enjoy the summer on their decking or paving stones. Some people may choose to combine a grassed area with decking or paving stones. Some people may even go as far to utilise all three in their outdoor space whatever you go for it is always a good idea to get assistance from floor tiling London.  Whatever you choose it has to suit you tastes and also be practical for the area that it is to go into. This article is aimed at exploring the different types of outdoor spaces, the article will then conclude by informing you on where you can find more information on floor tiling London and tillers.

Consider a combination with paving stones – aided by floor tiling London

One type of flooring that’s really good to consider is paving stones put in by floor tiling London. This is because they come in many different, shapes, sizes colours and patterns that can match many people’s tastes and styles.

You can chose from a multitude of paving stones such as; granite, marble, slate and even clay. All of these offer different styles and price ranges, you will be sure to find a paving stone to match your tastes and outdoor décor. They also blend nicely and can be combined with a lawn or decked area to finish off your garden nicely.

To see is to believe

Why not see for yourself what paving stones can do for your area; if you would like more information why not pop into your local DIY store, they will be happy to help and show you the range of paving stones they have to offer. Or you could consult your nearest floor tiling London to assist. You may also be able to obtain a brochure which will contain more paving stones in addition to the ones you have seen in store, if after all this you still haven’t made up your mind then more information can be found by entering the keyword ‘floor tiling London’ into an internet search engine.

Floor tiling London has to be carried out by trained professionals who have years of experience in the industry and we really know what we are talking about at apextilers.co.uk! Ourtilers  are exceptional!