Carpet cleaning is basically cleaning of the carpet. Cleaning of the carpet is done basically for beautification of the carpet. If carpet have dirt, stain, grit, etc then beautification of the carpet is achieved by different methods which are traditional and modern also. One of the methods of Carpet cleaning is Steam cleaning. Steam cleaning is done through hot water extraction. First preconditioning is done with alkaline agent if the carpets are synthetic if they are woollen or manmade then acidic solution is required for it along with a grooming brush or automatic scrubbing machine. An automatic cleaning tool or pressurized manual is passed over surface several times so all preconditioner should be rinsed out along with residue and particles. Extraction is a very important step in steam carpet cleaning. As hot water extraction method uses a lot of water ventilation should be good to dry out the water. The drying of water takes time in this method than the other methods.
Another method for carpet cleaning is dry-cleaning. Dry-cleaning is accurate cleaning method than the others. Dry-cleaning systems are known as “very low moisture (VLM)” system. It has four different processes. First is dry compound. An absorbent is added. It is 98 percent biodegradable cleaning compound which is spread on carpet and brushed. Dirt is attracted to this compound while brushing the carpet then it is vacuumed off. Second process of Dry-cleaning is Encapsulation. In this process a crystalline residue is created that can be vacuumed immediately. The compound crystals dissolve and absorb the dirt before removal of the carpet. The cleaning solution is applied by a rotator machine, compression sprayer.
The dry residue is vacuumed off and carpet comes out clean from the Dry-cleaning machine.
Third process in Dry-cleaning is Bonnet. In this club soda is mixed with cleaning product which is deposited to surface as mist or bonnet with rotating motion. The soil is attracted to absorbent and carpet comes out clean. However this process for Dry-cleaning is not recommended. The fourth and last process for Dry-cleaning is Solvent Extraction. In this D’Limolene based cleaner is basically sprayed on carpet before cleaning. The carpet is given 5 to 10 minutes to dwell. Then the carpet is extracted using acid rinse solution with help of hot water extraction machine. It cleans deep inside the fibres. The other methods are basically household methods. One the household process or method is Vacuum. For this a Vacuum cleaner is used. Vacuum Cleaner uses air pump which sucks particles and up in the Vacuum cleaner. Another method is Stain removal method. In this if ink has to be removed from carpet then lemon or oxalic acid, oil with white bread or pipe clay is recommended. If it insects has to be removed the Benzene and alum is recommended. Stain Removal products can also be used. Stain removal products can also be used along with anti allergen treatments which kill termites. Some other methods are Carpet rods, carpet beating machines, brooms, brushes, Dustpans, rattan rug beaters, dustpans. Some of these methods were used in 19th century.